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Kayersanat

28حفره لیوانی

  • طول (mm) : 495
  • عرض (mm) : 265
  • عمق (mm) : 70
  • حجم (cc) : 200
  • قطر : 62 × 50
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 28 (4×7)
Kayersanat

72حفره سبک

  • طول (mm) : 460
  • عرض (mm) : 225
  • عمق (mm) : 50
  • حجم (cc) : 24
  • قطر : 28.5 ×17
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 72 (6×12)
Kayersanat

72حفره لبه دار

  • طول (mm) : 470
  • عرض (mm) : 230
  • عمق (mm) : 50
  • حجم (cc) : 24
  • قطر : 28.5 ×17
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 72 (6×12)
Kayersanat

128حفره

  • طول (mm) : 545
  • عرض (mm) : 285
  • عمق (mm) : 45
  • حجم (cc) : 25
  • قطر : 30×16
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 128 (8×16)
Kayersanat

162حفره

  • طول (mm) : 535
  • عرض (mm) : 275
  • عمق (mm) : 50
  • حجم (cc) : 15
  • قطر : 27 ×15
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 162 (8×16)
Kayersanat

170حفره بلند

  • طول (mm) : 430
  • عرض (mm) : 260
  • عمق (mm) : 45
  • حجم (cc) : 19
  • قطر : 21.5 ×17
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 170 (10×17)
Kayersanat

170حفره کوتاه

  • طول (mm) : 430
  • عرض (mm) : 260
  • عمق (mm) : 35
  • حجم (cc) : 15
  • قطر : 21.5 ×17.5
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 72 (10×17)
Kayersanat

216حفره

  • طول (mm) : 470
  • عرض (mm) : 320
  • عمق (mm) : 50
  • حجم (cc) : 19
  • قطر : 21.5 ×17
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 216 (12×18)
Kayersanat

108حفره

  • طول (mm) : 460
  • عرض (mm) : 340
  • عمق (mm) : 45
  • حجم (cc) : 19
  • قطر : 21.5 ×17
  • رنگ : مشکی
  • تعداد خانه : 108 (9×12)

مزایای استفاده از سینی نشاء

  • کنترل بیماری و آفت
  • ارزان و اقتصادی بودن
  • جابجایی آسان
  • تولید نشاء با کیفیت و تلفات نزدیک به صفر
  • زهکشی مناسب
  • دارای تهویه مناسب و ابعاد استاندارد
  • افزایش نشاء تولیدی
  • دارای حجم های مناسب برای انواع کشت

انواع ساختار سینی نشاء:

  1. P.S پلی استایرن : یکبار مصرف و چند بار مصرف می باشد.
  2. P.E پلی اتلین : منعطف می باشد (به دلیل انعطافی که دارد در جابجایی مشکل ساز میشود و در هنگام خارج کردن نشاء از حفره ها دارای تلفات میباشد..)

نکته:

تا زمانی که به سینی نشا آسیبی نرسد امکان استفاده به دفعات را دارد.
بر اساس عمق حفره و میزان سی سی خاکی که مورد نیاز است در هر سینی مشخص میشود.
نشای هر محصولی که ازدیاد آن از طریق بذر صورت میگیرد، می تواند در این سیستم تولید شود.
با کاشت هر تک بذر در هر حفره، از فضای گلخانه استفاده بهینه میشود که بسیار مقرون به صرفه است.

واحد R&D شرکت کایر صنعت پیشگام با آگاهی از الزامات و محدودیت های نشاء های هر گروه در محصولات کشاورزی اقدام به ارائه کاملترین سبد محصول سینی نشاء با بیش از 16 نوع نموده است. یکی از اصلی ترین ملاک های کیفی سینی نشاء ضریب رویش آن است این ویژگی محقق نمیشود مگر با طراحی علمی و اصولی که با ماشین آلات و تکنولوژی متداول در مزارع کشت نشاء سازگاری داشته باشد. واحد R&D شرکت کایر صنعت پیشگام با بهره مندی از اساتید و مهندسین و کارشناسان خبره این صتعت اقدام به طراحی سینی های نشاء بر اساس آخرین دستاورد های تکنولوژیک و طراحی روز دنیا کرده اند.

As the population grows, there is increasing demand for products and services. The most important demand involves food products, the supply of which is impossible through traditional farming practices. One of the simple and widely used strategies today is casing for plantation of agricultural crops.

Casing and seedling production in this strategy provide time-saving in germination and cultivation of lands, where the seeds are first kept inside special casing compartments under good conditions and adequate moisture to germinate and become seedlings. Then, the seedlings are planted in the ground, where the rest of cultivation phase until harvesting will be processed on the lands.

Casing through traditional methods was adopted for plants capable of casing such as peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, cabbage and lettuce in the past owing to benefits of indirect plantation of seeds (casing):

Thanks to special monitoring and intensive treatment for seeds, crops are yielded more quickly at greater quantities. On the other hand, the crop damage rate has been reduced significantly. Moreover, seedling plantation occupies less space and contributes significantly to reduction in consumption of seeds, fuel, fertilizer, energy and manpower.

The casing measures should be taken appropriately for direct planting, the land should be adequately moist (prepared for plowing), and the seeds should be supported by sufficient peat moss. The best soil for growing plants in a pot is a natural substance called peat moss, various Iranian and foreign types of which are available in the market. If the seedling tray has a temperature of 30° C with adequate moisture and light, the seeds will be germinating within 5 to 7 days. If the right conditions are not met in terms of light, temperature and moisture, germination will be delayed, while there will be disruptions in the course of plant growth. Given its expensive price, it is recommended that this type of seed be kept in a cotton cloth or cotton for 24 hours prior to planting in the ground or pot at a temperature of 30° C. Before planting, these seeds should first be soaked in lukewarm water, while treating the seedling carefully against any pest and disease until it is planted safely in the ground.

In the plantation-transfer method, the seedlings are removed from pots and then placed inside holes. At this stage, care must be taken not to damage the roots. After transplanting into the ground, irrigation initiates. Remember the seedlings should not be kept in pots for a period exceeding normal levels; otherwise, the roots would stop growing due to low volume of soil. This will in turn lead to a poorly-grown plant from the first place, which may no longer grow properly.

When transplanting into the ground, the green, adequately developed seeds should be transferred to the greenhouse. For this purpose, several holes are dug on the platforms with a certain distance calculated based on the density of plants per square meter, precisely representing the soil volume of pots. Then, the seedlings are carefully transferred to the main ground along with their soil.

The seedlings should be planted at certain distances to avoid casting shadows on each other; otherwise, there would not be sufficient light, thus hindering the growth process. On the other hand, the soil provides lower level of nutrients to the roots during cold seasons. In such situation, if the soil density is extremely high, the roots will naturally receive insufficient nutrients.

Seedling trays are produced in various types of polystyrene, which is hard and fragile. However, there are trays available in the market made of polyethylene, which is not fragile and can hold roots inside. These trays come in different volumes, each special for a certain plant.

The compounds used to fill seedling trays are cocopeat, enriched peat and sterile, mixture of cocopeat and peat, perlite or vermiculite. Materials such as dirt and sand are not used, because they are too heavy, hard and non-sterile.

The seeder machine in a seedling tray is one of the very interesting innovations in agriculture, and the invention is credited to Hatam Ghazaee. This machine is capable of planting various vegetable seeds, ornamental flowers and medicinal plants at high speed.

This machine first processes the seedling trays containing cocopeat and then automatically threshes the medium and seed culture. Finally, it delivers the cultivation trays on the output side. In this procedure, farmers can produce top-quality seedlings at high speed and flexibility.

The achievements of this innovative project are plantation of more than 20 thousand seeds per hour, capability to plant various seeds, capability to plant in all standard trays on the market, low electricity consumption, no need for compressors with two additional devices, localization of the technology and lowering the agricultural costs.

Advantages of seedling starter trays:

  • Control disease and pest
  • Low cost
  • Easy handling
  • Seedling production at top quality and near-to-zero waste
  • Proper drainage
  • Desirable ventilation and standard dimensions
  • Enhanced seedling production
  • Suitable volumes for a variety of cultivation
Types of seedling trays:
1) P.S polystyrene: It is disposable and reusable.
2) P.E poly-ethylene: It is flexible (due to its flexibility, it tends to be problematic in handling and it also leads to waste when removing the seedlings from holes.)

Note:
The seedling trays can be reused repeatedly so long as tray they are not damaged.
It is specified based on the depth of the hole and the cc level of soil required in each tray.
Any crop seedlings growing from seeds can be produced in this system.
By planting a single seed in each hole, the greenhouse space will be occupied efficiently and cost-effectively.

Well aware of the requirements and limitations concerning each seedling category, the R&D Department at Kayer Sanat Pishgam (KSP) has offered an extensive package of seedling tray products involving more than 16 types. One of the main criteria in quality assessment of seedling trays is the growth factor, which will not be realized unless scientific design principles are observed through conventional machinery and technology in transplantation fields. The R&D Department at KSP has employed an expert team of university professors, engineers and specialists engaged in the agriculture industry, designing a new series of seedling starter trays according to the world latest technological breakthroughs.